The term “led Israel onward” used here is traditionally thought to imply that the Jewish people were hesitant to move from the site where they crossed the Red Sea and Moshe had to force them to continue on their journey.
Entries in B’Shalach (5)
The Jewish nation emerged from Egypt where they experienced great miracles, culminating with the splitting of the Red Sea. At the very moment they were rid of one threat they confronted another: Amalek.
Adding to the perfection of the number eleven that exists in terms of the month (the moon, the lesser luminary), this transition contributes the perfection of eleven in terms of the day (sun, the great luminary) as well – eleven in its purity. * The ascent begins with the leader of the generation (baal ha’hilula), and in virtue of him, the entire generation is uplifted (“the body follows the head”).
The suffering of all Jews is the suffering of Moshiach. And not only in matters that for Moshiach they are considered suffering but matters of concern to simple Jews, their suffering. For there are indeed such people who have no connection to spirituality, and their only concerns are things that are seen, physically. There must be solidarity with them as well, in their particular state and condition.